Antioch

Antioch
   1) In Syria, on the river Orontes, about 16 miles from the Mediterranean, and some 300 miles north of Jerusalem. It was the metropolis of Syria, and afterwards became the capital of the Roman province in Asia. It ranked third, after Rome and Alexandria, in point of importance, of the cities of the Roman empire. It was called the "first city of the East." Christianity was early introduced into it (Acts 11:19, 21, 24), and the name "Christian" was first applied here to its professors (Acts 11:26). It is intimately connected with the early history of the gospel (Acts 6:5; 11:19, 27, 28, 30; 12:25; 15:22-35; Gal. 2:11, 12). It was the great central point whence missionaries to the Gentiles were sent forth. It was the birth-place of the famous Christian father Chrysostom, who died A.D. 407. It bears the modern name of Antakia, and is now a miserable, decaying Turkish town. Like Philippi, it was raised to the rank of a Roman colony. Such colonies were ruled by "praetors" (R.V. marg., Acts 16:20, 21).
   2) In the extreme north of Pisidia; was visited by Paul and Barnabas on the first missionary journey (Acts 13:14). Here they found a synagogue and many proselytes. They met with great success in preaching the gospel, but the Jews stirred up a violent opposition against them, and they were obliged to leave the place. On his return, Paul again visited Antioch for the purpose of confirming the disciples (Acts 14:21). It has been identified with the modern Yalobatch, lying to the east of Ephesus.

Easton's Bible Dictionary. . 1897.

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  • Antioch — on the Orontes (] The population was estimated by Chrysostom at about 100,000 people at the time of Theodosius I. Between 252 and 300, ten assemblies of the church were held at Antioch and it became the seat of one of the four original… …   Wikipedia

  • ANTIOCH — (Turk. Antakya), city in southern Turkey, on the lower Orontes (Asi) near the Syrian border. Population (2004): 158,400. Part of Syria under the French mandate, it was annexed to Turkey in 1939 along with the district of Alexandretta (iskenderun… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Antioch — Antioch, CA U.S. city in California Population (2000): 90532 Housing Units (2000): 30116 Land area (2000): 26.948185 sq. miles (69.795477 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.631797 sq. miles (1.636347 sq. km) Total area (2000): 27.579982 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Antioch, CA — U.S. city in California Population (2000): 90532 Housing Units (2000): 30116 Land area (2000): 26.948185 sq. miles (69.795477 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.631797 sq. miles (1.636347 sq. km) Total area (2000): 27.579982 sq. miles (71.431824 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Antioch, IL — U.S. village in Illinois Population (2000): 8788 Housing Units (2000): 3346 Land area (2000): 7.382701 sq. miles (19.121108 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.261965 sq. miles (0.678487 sq. km) Total area (2000): 7.644666 sq. miles (19.799595 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Antioch, OH — U.S. village in Ohio Population (2000): 89 Housing Units (2000): 43 Land area (2000): 0.103579 sq. miles (0.268268 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.103579 sq. miles (0.268268 sq. km) FIPS code:… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Antioch — [an′tē äk΄] 1. capital of ancient Syria (until 64 B.C. ), an early center of Christianity: now, a city in S Turkey: pop. 108,000: Turk. name ANTAKYA 2. city in ancient Pisidia, Asia Minor 3. [after ANTIOCH, Turkey] city in W Calif., on the San… …   English World dictionary

  • Antioch — • Provides information on two places by this name Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Antioch — a city in southern Turkey, also known as Antakya, which was built in 301BC and soon became famous for its buildings and trade. In 64 BC it became the eastern capital of the ↑Roman Empire …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Antioch — modern Antakya in Turkey, anciently the capital of Syria, founded c.300 B.C.E. by Seleucus I Nictor and named for his father, Antiochus …   Etymology dictionary

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